Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. strategic location at eastern end of Central America; controls Panama Canal that links Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with Pacific Ocean. In Panama the Days are hot and nights are much cooler. The mountain range of the divide is called the Cordillera de Talamanca near the Costa Rican border. Climate Central’s Surging Seas: Risk Zone map shows areas vulnerable to near-term flooding from different combinations of sea level rise, storm surge, tides, and tsunamis, or to permanent submersion by long-term sea level rise. The over 350 San Blas Islands, near Colombia, are strung out for more than 160 km (99 mi) along the sheltered Caribbean coastline. Panama encompasses approximately 75,417 km2 (29,119 sq mi). total: The highest point in Panama is the Volcán Barú (formerly known as the Volcán de Chiriquí), which rises to 3,475 meters (11,401 ft). Temperatures are markedly cooler in the higher parts of the mountain ranges, and frosts occur in the Cordillera de Talamanca in western Panama. Australia & Pacific. 7.16% 555 km Date: 20 February 2016: Source: Derived from World Köppen Classification (with authors).svg. David Airport is 26 miles from Boquete, so the actual climate in Boquete can vary a bit. The apex of a highland that includes Panama's richest soil, the Volcán Barú is still referred to as a volcano, although it has been inactive for millennia. As a consequence, the tidal range is extreme. arable land: Overview: Climate in Panama Despite its different altitudes, Panama has a tropical climate in almost all regions. Farther east it becomes the Serranía de Tabasará, and the portion of it closer to the lower saddle of the isthmus, where the canal is located, is often called the Sierra de Veraguas. Author: Ali Zifan (Enhanced, modified, and vectorized). Central Panama has the unusual distinction of having the sun rise over the Pacific and set over the Atlantic. Destinations. Climate and Average Weather in Panama. Nearly 40 percent of Panama is wooded. 335,646 km2 (129,594 sq mi) and 200 nautical miles (370 km) or edge of continental margin, Climate: Central America. Other versions: Köppen climate classification; Köppen climate … Mangrove swamps occur along parts of both coasts, with banana plantations occupying deltas near Costa Rica. The principal islands are those of the Archipiélago de las Perlas in the middle of the Gulf of Panama, the penal colony on the Isla de Coiba in the Golfo de Chiriquí, and the decorative island of Taboga, a tourist attraction that can be seen from Panama City. In many places, a multi-canopied rain forest abuts the swamp on one side of Panama and increases to the lower reaches of slopes in the other. Panama's tropical environment supports an abundance of plants. The Kampia lake and Madden Lake (also filled with water from the Río Chagres) provide hydroelectricity for the area of the former Canal Zone. All Rights Reserved. These Pacific-oriented rivers are longer and slower running than those of the Caribbean side. Like all countries close to the equator, Panama’s temperatures do not vary by much throughout the year. Average temperature, rainfall and snowfall information is available for the following climate stations in Panama. Beneath the surface, two plates of the Earths crust were slowly colliding into one another, forcing the Pacific Plate to slide slowly under the Caribbean Plate. Panama Seasons & Climate. total: Their basins are also more extensive. Panama is located on the narrow and low Isthmus of Panama. January, like December, is a hot winter month in Panama City, Panama, with average temperature fluctuating between 18.5°C (65.3°F) and 33.4°C (92.1°F).The ideal sea water temperature of 27.3°C (81.1°F) and only 2.9 rainfall days, with 29.3mm (1.2") of accumulated rainfall, make January the best time for swimming and other water activities. Panama has a warm tropical climate. km (29,119 sq mi) from Central to South America. The country lies between 7 and 10 degrees north of the equator, and its daily temperatures and hours of sunlight are fairly constant year-round. tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May), Terrain: The divide does not form part of the great mountain chains of North America, and only near the Colombian border are there highlands related to the Andean system of South America. There was a gap between the continents of North and South America through which the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans flowed freely. Plain regions have average daytime temperature in range between 25 and 30 °C (77-86 °F) while in highlands it is lower about 10 to 27 °C (50-81 °F). Panama City Weather Forecasts. The cycle of rainfall is determined primarily by two factors: moisture from the Caribbean, which is transported by north and northeast winds prevailing during most of the year, and the continental divide, which acts as a rain shield for the Pacific lowlands. Legal. territorial sea: The main difference is found in the rains, which are determined by the seasonal shift of the sun, which in turn determines the prevailing currents. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Panama, Panama. Diurnal ranges are low; on a typical dry-season day in the capital city, the early morning minimum may be 24 °C (75.2 °F) and the afternoon maximum 29 °C (84.2 °F). The Canal itself is central to the Panama's economy and more than half of the country's population lives within 20 kilometres (12 miles) of it. A variation of about 70 centimetres (2.3 ft) between high and low water on the Caribbean coast contrasts sharply with over 700 cm (23 ft) on the Pacific coast, and some 130 km (81 mi) up the Río Tuira, the tidal range is still over 500 cm (16 ft). Temperatures on the Pacific side of the isthmus are somewhat lower than on the Caribbean, and breezes tend to rise after dusk in most parts of the country. The climate in Panama is similar to many tropical Central American countries, which boast a warm climate for much of the year. First of them is flatland with humid typical climate and second is highland with so cold “eternal spring”. It experiences a dry season over the periods from January to February, although the wet season stays for remaining months of the year. Panama climate overview Lying at the southern end of Central America, Panama connects the Caribbean with the Pacific via the Panama Canal, an incongruous man-made channel cut through virgin jungle. Weather and Climate in Panama . 148 km3 (2011), Natural hazards: Tours to Panama are available year-round and weather conditions vary according to season, elevation, and geographic location. Africa. border countries: On the Caribbean slopes of the Tabasará Mountains, which face the rain-bearing trade winds, average rainfall is approximately twice as heavy as on the leeward Pacific slopes. Panama is a transcontinental country covering an area of 75,417 sq. The city has a constant temperature, which averages around 27°C (or 81°F) annually. In Panama, a Central American country located just north of the Equator, the climate is tropical, hot all year round. Climate and average weather for Panama City (Panama), Panama displayed in graphs. In general, in the lowlands expect average temperatures from 85-95 F with moderate to high humidity compared to cooler temperatures averaging 72 F in the highlands where you may need a light sweater at night. 74,340 km2 Depths of 180 metres (591 ft) are reached only outside the perimeters of both the Gulf of Panama and the Golfo de Chiriquí, and wide mud flats extend up to 70 km (43 mi) seaward from the coastlines. From region to region, the highest average rainfall is 3,000 millimeters, while the lowest is 1,300 millimeters. Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km, Maritime claims: Panama Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. As observed on the physical map of Panama, the country's landscape is dominated by forested, volcanic-in-origin, mountains that extend from its … Republic of Panama: Capital: Panama: Area: total: 78,200 sq km water: 2,210 sq km land: 75,990 sq km: Climate: tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May) Location: Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica This S-shaped isthmus is situated between 7° and 10° north latitude and 77° and 83° west longitude. It offers a view of both the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.[1]. One of the longest is the Río Tuira which flows into the Golfo de San Miguel and is the nation's only river navigable by larger vessels. Annual Weather Averages in Panama. Almost all of the rain falls during the rainy season, which is usually from May through November, but varies in length from seven to nine months, with certain exception due to monsoons. Antarctica. 75,420 km2 However, Panama's bright economic future is at risk due to climate change and extreme weather events. It is 772 km (480 mi) long, and between 60 and 177 kilometers (37 and 110 mi) wide. Best in Travel 2021. Panama City enjoys tropical wet and dry climate, along with the annual perspiration of about 1900mm approximately. Panama experiences a tropical climate with high temperatures. The Central American country of Panama is in the narrowest strip of land that connects the Americas, The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range in Panama that divides North from South America.The Caribbean Sea is to the North, the Pacific Ocean is to the South, and it shares borders with Costa Rica and Columbia. Featured. Search. The Caribbean coastline is marked by several good natural harbors. water: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling other: interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills, Southernmost point: Punta Mariato, Cerro Hoya National Park, Veraguas, Westernmost point: Border with Costa Rica, Chiriquí Province, Easternmost point: Border with Colombia, Darién ProvinceLowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mHighest point: Volcan de Chiriqui 3,475 m, Natural resources: exclusive economic zone: Panama has a tropical climate. The dominant feature of Panama's landform is the central spine of mountains and hills that forms the continental divide. Learn how and when to remove this template message,, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands,, Articles needing additional references from November 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 00:41. Twenty million years ago ocean covered the area where Panama is today. International tourists usually land at Tocumen International Airport near Panama City. Temperatures are uniformly high—as is the relative humidity—and there is little seasonal variation. The legend is too small to read in this resolution — but you might not mind so much as it’s in Spanish. Rainfall is generally much heavier on the Caribbean than on the Pacific side. Although, temperatures do vary by elevation. ... You can customize the map before you print! A cooler climate is common in the Panamanian highlands. In the Americas, the Pacific hugs the west coast while the Atlantic borders the east…with one exception. Deforestation is a continuing threat to the rain-drenched woodlands. Tree cover has been reduced by more than 50 percent since the 1940s. land: The ecological regions are determined more by rainfall than on temperatures since the rainfall varies regionally. The Geography of Panama Total Size: 78,200 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than South Carolina Geographical Coordinates: 9 00 N, 80 00 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m party to: Asia. It lies at 9 00 N and 80 00 W and has an area of 75 420 square kilometres. Climate. Help. Caribbean. Mostly unnavigable, many originate as swift highland streams, meander in valleys, and form coastal deltas. Climatic regions are determined less on the basis of temperature than on rainfall, which varies regionally from less than 1,300 millimeters (51.2 in) to more than 3,000 millimeters (118.1 in) per year. Search Lonely Planet. Simplified Panama Climate Map [Source:] This Panama climate map was the best I could find. All original material copyright © 2020 Today’s and tonight’s Panama City, Panamá, Panama weather forecast, weather conditions and Doppler radar from The Weather Channel and Temperatures usually range from 32 degrees Celsius (90° Fahrenheit) during the daytime to 21 degrees Celsius (70° Fahrenheit) in the evening. Geographic coordinates: 9°00′N 80°00′W / 9.000°N 80.000°W / 9.000; -80.000, Map references: The spine that forms the divide is the highly eroded arch of an uplift from the sea bottom, in which peaks were formed by volcanic intrusions. Panama, country of Central America located on the Isthmus of Panama, the narrow bridge of land that connects North and South America.Embracing the isthmus and more than 1,600 islands off its Atlantic and Pacific coasts, the tropical nation is renowned as the site of the Panama … The warmest months are March through August, with an average high-temperature of 24°C (75.2°F). Climate data and weather averages in Boquete. The major port on the Pacific coastline is Balboa. Find the best time to go to Panama City (Panama). Geography - note: English: Panama map of Köppen climate classification. The Pacific coastal waters are extraordinarily shallow. The Río Chepo and the Río Chagres are sources of hydroelectric power. Panama’s tropical climate is the result of its close proximity to the equator. permanent crops: The provinces are divided into districts, which in turn are subdivided into sections called corregimientos. A third influence that is present during the late autumn is the southwest wind off the Pacific. Marking the transition point between North and South America, the Republic of Panama has one of the most developed economies in Central America. Generally, places at 3000 feet are ~10 degrees cooler than areas at sea level. tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May), Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica, interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills. 12 nautical miles (22 km) Panama has only two seasons: Dry and Wet (or Rainy). In all, there are some 1,000 islands off the Pacific coast. contiguous zone: Map of Panama and travel information about Panama brought to you by Lonely Planet. Annual Weather Averages in David Airport. signed, but not ratified: The ineractive map makes it easy to navitgate around the globe. However temperatures can vary according to geography. 90.33% (2011), Total renewable water resources: More than 300 rivers empty into the Pacific. Panama Climate in a Nutshell. The pressure and heat caused by this collision led to the formation … Panama is located in Central America and borders both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. The temperature seldom exceeds 32 °C (89.6 °F) for more than a short time. 1,080 km2, Land boundaries: This wind brings some precipitation to the Pacific lowlands, modified by the highlands of the Península de Azuero, which form a partial rainshield for much of central Panama. Panama - Panama - Climate: Climatic conditions are markedly different on the Atlantic and Pacific sides of western Panama, especially in the amount and seasonal distribution of rainfall. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Panama, Panama. copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower, Land use: Panama La Palma Penonome N 0 50 100 200 Kilometers meters above sea-level 7088 m-416 m Elevation Key to Map Symbols Capital City/Town Major Road River Lake CLIMATE ADAPTATION DISASTER RISK REDUCTION PANAMA Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change ENV Team Climate Change Climate Risk and Adaptation Country Profile April 2011 Panama is divided into 10 provinces, plus several indigenous comarcas. Northern of South America, the Caribbean and sometimes Central America, Area: Subsistence farming, widely practiced from the northeastern jungles to the southwestern grasslands, consists largely of corn, bean, and tuber plots. 24 nautical miles (44 km) Portions of this site are based on the CIA World Fact Book, a public-domain work Marine Life Conservation. Temperatures are uniformly high—as is the relative humidity—and there is little seasonal variation. It is warm and humid at sea level, with slightly cooler weather in mountain areas. There are two basic climatic zones in Panama. Temperatures are high across the whole country throughout the year, though cooler at high altitudes. The numerous islands of the Archipiélago de Bocas del Toro, near the Beaches of Costa Rica, provide an extensive natural roadstead and shield the banana port of Almirante. The best time to travel to Panama is most definitely the dry season, which runs from Panama Area and Population Density. Although rainy-season thunderstorms are common, the country is outside the hurricane belt. See the latest Panama enhanced weather satellite map, including areas of cloud cover. Geographic coordinates: 9°00′N 80°00′W / 9.000°N 80.000°W Panama map of Köppen climate classification. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. occasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area, earthquakes, Environment - current issues: Panama Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. The World Bank found that between 1982 and 2008, Panama was struck by 32 natural disaster events, with total economic damages around USD$86 million. water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution in urban areas; mining threatens natural resources, Environment - international agreements: These temperatures are found practically year-round. Panama has a tropical climate. As a whole, the range between Costa Rica and the canal is generally referred to by Panamanian geographers as the Cordillera Central. Nearly 500 rivers lace Panama's rugged landscape. . Configurations of the corregimientos are changed periodically to accommodate population changes as revealed in the census reports.