Like black alder trees, the flowers this tree bear are catkin which emerges in the spring season. Pining. For this reason, birch cabinets are among the most affordable of all cabinets. Because of its inherent straightness, alder is good for moldings. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. In addition to leaves, the tree is admired for its glossy, brownish red branches which tend to blossom catkins and small cone-shaped fruits. Also known as Alnus glutinosa, the black alder is European alder, belonging to the Betulaceae family. This deciduous tree boasts silver-gray bark that has the ability to reach up to the height of 30 m and 60 m in width. Loop vs. Cut Pile Carpet (Differences and Similarities), The 2020s and Art Deco Tiles Coming Back with a Vengeance, Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden). However, it can also grow on sand, clay, and gravel. Owing to its malleable texture, the wood is commonly known as a semi-hardwood. Warmer colors, like orange, brown, rust and red, work too, but the deeper tones of these colors work best. […] Because each wood grows unique, these stain samples will vary. When first cut, black alder wood is soft and white which eventually turns into pale red and forms striking knots. Common Wood Species and Grade combinations when using a natural (no stain finish): Alder – (Select/Premium Grade) Alder – (Rustic Grade) Color Samples. The greatest volume occurs around Washington's Puget Sound and in Northwest Oregon, where trees may reach heights of 120' and diameters of 36". Knots vary in size and distribution and include tight, sound knots as well as rustic, open and split knots. Cabinetmakers prize alder for its workability, affordability and adaptability. Also called the California alder and Sierra alder, the white alder is a thin-leafed tree, native to western North America. Having the scientific name – Alnus maritima, the seaside alder is a small tree species native to the United States and is popularly found in regions like Georgia, Oklahoma, Delaware, and Maryland. "Alder is an attractive, close-grain species, with a nice uniform color, a fine texture, and uniform density," says Miller. Surprisingly, the wood is soft in nature and hence additional care needs to be shown to avoid damaging the wood. At first glance, you might mistake red alder for aspen or paper birch because the tree has light gray bark with dark mottling. To confirm your color choices, visit your neighborhood Sherwin-Williams store and refer to our in-store color cards. Unlike other alder trees, this type of alder is not cultivated for its wood. If you’re in the market for new cabinets, there's a good chance you’ve heard about alder wood. Alder has a fine, smooth, straight grain with random mineral streaks and mild color variation. Unfortunately, it is a short-lived tree which grows round pale to dark green leaves, tiny catkins, and small fruits. Alder is often used as a face-frame material on birch plywood cabinets. It takes finishes almost exactly the same as cherry and the same range of colors works well on it. How to Repair the Wood Molding on a Window Pane. Having the botanical name Alnus cordata, the Italian alder is a deciduous tree, belonging to the Birch family. Furniture makers have used stains and varnishes for centuries, both to enhance the appearance of the grain and to change the color of the wood. It usually grows to a height of 90 feet. The wood is easy to cut and shape with hands as well as machine tools. It also looks good with "mahogany" and "walnut" colors (which don't look right on cherry, in my opinion) and takes paint as well as poplar, if not better! It is interesting to note that this light-brown wood with striking grain patterns came into limelight as a more affordable alternative to cherry wood, and that’s exactly how alder wood got its common name “poor man’s cherry”. Light Oaking. In other words, it is brawny and hard to destroy. This odorless wood works like Black Cherry; for example, both of them possess great finishing and staining characteristics. Although classified as a hardwood, alder is one of the softest of all hardwoods and is more commonly referred to as a semi-hardwood. While green alder trees are native to the mountains of southeast Europe and the Alps, they are commonly cultivated near lakes, streams, coasts, and rivers in Canada, Alaska, and Northern Siberia. Alder tends to be 'amber' with age. Clear red alder tends to be pricier as compared to the knotty one. Some people consider this look blotchy while others think it complements the natural features of the wood. Ironically, there was a time when cabinet makers would enthusiastically use amber-toned alder wood to give it off remarkable reddish-colored finishing which resembled cherry wood in appearance. Alder … Alder is soft. Alder wood can blend in with any kind of stain. Reclamation. That being said, its cinnamon-brown wood is hard to ignore and can be employed for a wide variety of uses. This style of finishing is often used in conjunction with knotted pieces of wood to achieve a rustic aesthetic. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. If you want you can even use it in its natural color. The thick bark protects the tree from brush fires and helps in nourishing the entire tree with food and water. Alder wood exhibits two basic natural colors depending on the finishing technique used. The leaves are simple and slightly toothed in design. Knotty Alder is chosen for its rustic, informal appearance. The grain of the wood is still visible on all the samples with one coat. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut, but quickly changes with exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. When mixed with iron sulfate, the bark forms an intense black dye, a better alternative of galls and sumach. In fact, its seeds are sown for its gorgeous white scented flowers and toothed leaves. Pining. The wood has the ability to tolerate wet sites, flooding, clay soil, and alkaline soil. These pests prefer feeding on this tree and lay eggs in spring and summer. The black alder is best cultivated in moist climatic regions, extending into a medium-sized tree with a height up to 30 meters. Alder is carefully manufactured, dried, and inspected to ensure flat, straight, and stable lumber—making it ideal for moldings, millwork, as well as furniture and cabinets. Alder, or Red Alder as it is often called, grows in the Pacific Coast areas of the US and Canada. Red Oak Wood: It is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. Its immense workability, versatility, and finishing made the hardwood achieve worldwide popularity overnight. SHOP NOW ALDER. Maple vs. Alder Kitchen Doors. Like the typical alder tree, Nepalese alder wood is considerably soft and hence used for making light boxes or any other small constructions. The General Finishes grey wood stain is highly pigmented, so one coat of stain is all you need for most applications. For example, in some small Indian tribes, the wood is used for various treatment purposes. For example, the ashes of the burnt tree leaves can be served as a tooth cleaner. Cost-Friendly. Related: Types of Wood Joinery | Types of Lumber | Types of Hardwood Flooring | Types of Pine Wood | Types of Mahogany Wood | Types of Cherry Wood | Types of Oak Wood | Types of Walnut Wood | Types of Ash Wood | Types of Beech Wood | Types of Acacia Wood | Types of Poplar Wood | Types of Ebony Wood | Types of Cedar Wood | Lumber Dimensions | Types of Teak Wood | Types of Tiger Wood | Types of Hickory Wood | Types of Fir Wood | Types of Plywood | What is MDF Board. The bark is smooth, grayish green with lenticels. With color that … Red alder wood largely varies in shades, ranging from a light honey color to reddish brown hues. Greens, grays, whites and beiges are no-brainers. It has a straight and even-textured wood grain with indistinct boundaries between the heartwood and the sapwood. After the inside of an RV is framed in alder, an overlay "skin" of 1/4-inch cherry, oak or other hardwood is added to the alder framework to provide the appearance of the more expensive hardwood. Reclamation. Keep in mind that for healthy growth, the tree needs proper sunlight, regular watering, and seeds ideally sown in spring. To be specific, the tree is widely distributed from Pakistan to Nepal to Bhutan to Yunnan and to southwest China. Alder is a smooth hardwood with color and graining similar to Cherry ranging from a light honey color to a reddish-brown hue. When put under water, the wood turns out to be strong and long-lasting to the extent that it can be used for creating sturdy foundations of buildings. The lower section of the tree tends to be as good as its upper part. Alder Wiping & SNW Stains Color Block Set Shaddy has also worked as a newspaper reporter and writer, and as a contributing writer for Bicycling Magazine. Close [] { } ... Wood Stains, Sealers & Clear Topcoats ... Due to individual computer monitor limitations, colors seen here may not accurately reflect the selected stain. Red alder is the most abundant hardwood timber in the Pacific Northwest. Seaside alder wood is extracted from the seaside alder and is used for manufacturing and construction purposes. Older specimens in damp growing conditions feature dark spots of moss. This species of the tree originated in Europe, northern Africa, and southwest Asia. On a hardness scale, alder ranks just above pine and poplar. One of the reasons why red alder wood is a common choice among builders and constructors is because of its workability. Clear Alder is relatively soft wood with a moderately fine, uniform grain. On the other hand, knotty red alder is an inexpensive choice which is commonly employed for domestic construction. Stain Colors. Even though alder can be considered bland with no real character, it can be impressive when stained and lacquered. Alder is straight-grained and maintains its shape without warping or twisting. I generally select neutral colors when I am painting a room with natural wood details, whether cabinets or stain-grade trim. General Finishes Gray Gel Stain. Owing to tight, intertwined roots, the wood is incredibly strong and can effectively withstand storms and extreme water flows. They have been reproduced using digital production techniques. Another factor that makes this wood more expensive is the fact that it requires certain finishing techniques, especially in the process of cabinet constructions. Also called the California alder and Sierra alder, the white alder is a thin-leafed … It happens to be widely distributed in the foothills of northern California and southwestern Oregon. In addition to cabinets, alder wood is also used for the construction of windows, doors, trims, and beam wraps. Alder Stain Colors Alder is a soft closed grained hardwood which has almost the same grain and color characteristics as Cherry. Always test stain on a hidden area of the wood to verify desired color. Referred to as Alnus Viridis, the green alder, like other alder trees, is a deciduous tree. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti. Lacquer penetrates alder fast and hardens inside the pores to provide a glassy coating. Related: Types of Ebony Wood | Types of Teak Wood | Types of Tiger Wood | Types of Hickory Wood. The tree has the ability to withstand several types of soil and can easily be cultivated in moist regions. Both the male and female flowers (catkins) are produced on this tree in the season of autumn. While the grain may appear to be uniform, it will almost never be the case. Scientifically known as Alnus nepalensis, the Nepalese alder is a huge alder tree which is widely populated in the subtropical highlands of the Himalayas. Scroll down to see your wood species and hover over the photo to learn what colors are possible. Red alder wood is extracted from the biggest species of alder tree – red alder. The oil attained from the wood is beneficial for the treatment of illnesses like nausea, diarrhea, and muscle pain. For example, cherry wood is orange-colored wood. Shaddy began publishing in various magazines in 1992, and published a novel, “Dark Canyon,” in 2008. Liquid & Gel Stains :. Due to its overgrowing demand all across the world, it is not surprising that the wood eventually became known for its high price. The timber extracted from a black alder tree is used for making papers, manufacturing fiberboard, and producing energy. Light Oaking. While alder is a hard wood, it is on the softer scale of hard woods, which allows it to be stained many different colors, giving you many options for your cabinetry. This alder is know as "clear" and is highly regarded by woodworkers and consumers alike. Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants, Alnus, belonging to the birch family Betulaceae.The genus comprises about 35 species of monoecious trees and shrubs, a few reaching a large size, distributed throughout the north temperate zone with a few species extending into Central America, as well as the northern and southern Andes. When properly kiln dried, alder is one of the lightest of all the hardwoods, making it a favorite for building recreational vehicles that are fuel efficient. Pilings of this wood are also used as foundations of many buildings. Rustic Walnut Walnut is a very hard and elegant wood that can be used in a wide variety of applications from entertainment centers to kitchens. Alder is used for furniture, cabinets and picture frames, and in other custom woodworking projects. Stain should only be applied briefly to the surface of alder because the longer the stain sits on the surface, the darker the alder gets. If the alder had a medium to darker finish on the cabinets – consider a lighter (tan) wood look on the floor. The seaside alder is cultivated in moist soil with full or partial sun exposure. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? Also known as the brook alder, the seaside alder is a fast-growing, medium-sized tree, with an overall height of 20 to 30 feet and 16 to 20 feet width. It is characterized by light brown and reddish undertones. The colors shown are for reference purposes only. Alder is a medium-density hardwood that is often used with furniture, trim, doors and finer finishing. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Alder may display pin knots, grain “fuzz” and mineral streaks. The leaves of the green alder tree boast indisputable benefits as well. The Alder tree takes about 25-40 years to mature and begins to mark a decline in quality of wood after age 70 years. The tree is known for its beautiful yellow-hued flowers with nesting birds. Red Alder Wood: Red Alder tends to be a light tan to reddish-brown; color darkens and reddens with age. Due to its weight, structural integrity and affordability, alder is often used as an internal framing material on other types of woodworking projects. Although it is classified as a hardwood species, it … Scientifically known as “Alnus rubra”, red alder is native to western North America which includes famous regions like Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, Montana, and British Columbia.