[47], The flowers of the 'Hopi Red Dye' amaranth were used by the Hopi (a tribe in the western United States) as the source of a deep red dye. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). [12] This complicates taxonomy and Amaranthus has generally been considered among systematists as a "difficult" genus and hybridize often. Amaranthus graecizans var. The Botanical Review, 83(4), 382–436. Amaranth weed species have an extended period of germination, rapid growth, and high rates of seed production,[2] and have been causing problems for farmers since the mid-1990s. Biology of amaranths. [9] He describes Amaranth as 'immortal' in reference to the flowers that generally do not wither and retain bright reddish tones of color, even when deceased; sometimes referred to as "love-lies-bleeding. viridis.[50][51]. [14] The support for the addition of the subdivision Albersia because of its circumcise, indehiscent fruits coupled with three elliptic to linear tepals to be exclusive characters to members of this subgenus. Keerai Types - Keerai Vagaigal - Keerai Names in Tamil English: 1. The name was first applied to the related Celosia (Amaranthus and Celosia share long-lasting dried flowers), as Amaranthus plants were not yet known in Europe. Also, this plant can survive in tough conditions. A. hybridus, L.) or dioecious (i.e. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. A. arenicola, L.). Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed. After the Spanish conquest, cultivation of amaranth was outlawed, while some of the festivities were subsumed into the Christmas celebration. Name Amaranth Scientific Name Amaranthus Native Central America and South America but now commonly cultivated in the countries having warm climate. Amaranthus viridis is used as a medicinal herb in traditional Ayurvedic medicine, under the Sanskrit name Tanduliya. Theme images by. The leaves of some species are also eaten. To this day, amaranth grains are toasted much like popcorn and mixed with honey, molasses, or chocolate to make a treat called alegría, meaning "joy" in Spanish. In Kerala, it is called cheera and is consumed by stir-frying the leaves with spices and red chili peppers to make a dish called cheera thoran. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. [11], Amaranthus shows a wide variety of morphological diversity among and even within certain species. [10] Fruits are in the form of capsules referred to as a unilocular pixdio that opens at maturity. In Brazil, green amaranth was, and to a degree still is, often considered an invasive species as all other species of amaranth (except the generally imported A. caudatus cultivar), though some have traditionally appreciated it as a leaf vegetable, under the names of caruru or bredo, which is consumed cooked, generally accompanying the staple food, rice and beans. [4] Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. It is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated as a grain source, the other two being Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Amaranthus caudatus. The classification of these groups are further supported with a combination of floral characters, reproductive strategies, geographic distribution, and molecular evidence. This article is related to Healthy Tips and covers Millet names in different Indian languages , we at Wholesome Tales commited to total wellness by introducing right food, ancient grains, our age old practices - Millet names in different Indian languages millet, whole food, plant based bood, wholesome food and protocols that has amazing benefits for everyone in family. [4] Although the family (Amaranthaceae) is distinctive, the genus has few distinguishing characters among the 75 species present across six continents. The genus also contains several well-known ornamental plants, such as Amaranthus caudatus (love-lies-bleeding), a vigorous, hardy annual with dark purplish flowers crowded in handsome drooping spikes. ex Gren. [49] The following 9 species of Amaranthus are considered invasive and noxious weeds in the U.S and Canada: A. albus, A. blitoides, A. hybridus, A. palmeri, A. powellii, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. tuberculatus, and A. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. J.A Vozzo. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The closely related Amaranthus blitum is also eaten. Amaranth seed can also be popped one tablespoon at a time in a hot pan without oil, shaken every few seconds to avoid burning. [41], Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. [4], Amaranth has a primary root with deeper spreading secondary fibrous root structures. Four species of Amaranthus are documented as cultivated vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.[42]. Names of the cereals flour as well as the products from the cereals is also mentioned. The table after that contains Indian flour names. Amaranthus palmeri NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Search by English and Tamil is available for all words. This will be helpful for users to find it easy and identify. 2 in North America and E123 in the European Union.[48]. It was recovered in Mexico from wild varieties[citation needed] and is now commercially cultivated. "Amaranth." Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. Amaranthus lividus Linn. [2] Palmer amaranth is among the "top five most troublesome weeds" in the southeast of the United States and has already evolved resistances to dinitroaniline herbicides and acetolactate synthase inhibitors. In the Philippines, the Ilocano word for the plant is kalunay; the Tagalog word for the plant is kilitis or kulitis. In Mexico, it is called huautli ( Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwawtli] and alegría ( [aleˈɣɾi.a] and in English it has several common names, including blood amaranth , red amaranth , purple amaranth , [2] prince's feather , and Mexican grain amaranth . 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Assad, R., Reshi, Z. It is boiled, then served with olive oil and lemon juice like a salad, sometimes alongside fried fish. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. [10] The panicle is harvested 200 days after cultivation with approximately 1,000 to 3,000 seeds harvested per gram. Jepson Man. In Indonesia and Malaysia, leaf amaranth is called bayam. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai (1999). Names of common varieties of spinach are mentioned in different language like English, botanical names, Tamil, Telugu etc. 2);". The diversity of climate and geography of India has only allowed the native people to grow different types of veggies in their fields. Check out our list of Tamil baby Girl names starting with d and choose best Tamil name that starts with D for your new born or expected baby Girl. In Andhra Pradesh, this leaf is added in preparation of a popular dal called thotakura pappu in (Telugu). It is easily harvested and easily processed, post harvest, as there are no hulls to remove. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Amaranthus retroflexus, true to one of its common names, forms a tumbleweed. & Godr. In Karnataka in India, it is called harive soppu (ಹರಿವೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು) . The entire plant is used to make medicine. Tamil Name Botanical Name English Name அகத த Sesbania Grandiflora அக ல , க கத ண டம Aquilaria Agallocha அக கர ட ட Juglans regia அக ரஹ à®°à®® Anacyclis pyrethrum Vegetable names have acquired great importance since foreign vegetables are imported to every land and chefs need to cook them for tourists. (2006). [4] Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Robertson and Amaranthus. It is used to prepare curries such as hulee, palya, majjigay-hulee, and so on. [12][15][16], The phylogenies of Amaranthus of maximum parsimony and Bayesian analysis of nuclear and chloroplast genes suggest five clades within the genus: Diecious / Pumilus, Hybris, Galapagos, Eurasian/ South African, Australian (ESA), ESA + South American. A. Reznicek. Identity Top of page Preferred Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus L. Preferred Common Name spiny amaranth Other Scientific Names Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. [44] It is also known among the Kalenjin as a drought crop (chepkerta). Agathi Keerai(in Tamil Nadu) in different Indian languages: Agathi Keerai in English - Vegetable Humming Bird Tree Leaves Telugu: Agise Hindi: Agasti Kannada - Agastya Malayalam -Agathi 2. It has never been cultivated in the Indian subcontinent previously. Also a synthetic dye was named "amaranth" for its similarity in color to the natural amaranth pigments known as betalains. [12] A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranth&oldid=991827572, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with disputed statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Ilocano-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing Lingala-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Related plants. Amaranthaceae, amaranth family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales) with about 175 genera and more than 2,500 species, mostly herbs and subshrubs, distributed nearly worldwide. pubescens (Uline & Bray) Fern. [Although according to this source, it’s Amaranthus Polygonoides, the prostrate pigweed] Amaranthus, M. (7. Thus it has to be prepared and cooked like other grains. They fasted or ate very little; a statue of the god was made out of amaranth seeds and honey, and at the end of the month, it was cut into small pieces so everybody could eat a piece of the god. Amarant is an archaic variant. [10] Inflorescences are in the form a large panicle that varies from terminal to axial, color, and sex. The leaves are generally smaller, and also pointier than most other common amaranth varieties. In China, the leaves and stems are used as a stir-fry vegetable, or in soups. It is a Tamil name, denoting laborers in agriculture and/or industry. Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. De Macvean & Pöll (1997). Despite utilization studies showing that amaranth can be blended with other flours at levels above 50% without affecting functional properties or taste, most commercial products use amaranth only as a minor portion of their ingredients despite them being marketed as "amaranth" products. Use of PCR-based molecular markers to identify weedy Amaranthus species. [4] Leaves are approximately 6.5–15 centimetres (2 1⁄2–6 inches) and of oval or elliptical shape that are either opposite or alternate across species, although most leaves are whole and simple with entire margins. 16185, EEC No. [8], The showy Amaranth present in John Milton's Garden of Eden is "remov'd from Heav'n" when it blossoms because the flowers "shade the fountain of life". In Greece, green amaranth (A. viridis) is a popular dish called βλήτα, vlita or vleeta. Fl.

The Greeks call the Amaranthus blitum var. View abstract. Glossary - The common names of herbs and greens leafy vegetables is given in English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi are listed here. This synthetic dye is also known as Red No. [4] Infrageneric classification focuses on inflorescence, flower characters and whether a species is monoecious/dioecious, as in the Sauer (1955) suggested classification. One part amaranth flour to 3-4 parts wheat or other grain flours may be used. A very common name, Bhanupriya means ‘beloved of the Sun’. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Amaranth soll nach Einigen unter der Verfolgung des Decius, nach Andern durch die Grausamkeit des deutschen (alemannischen) Königs Chrocus, der unter der Family: AMARANTHACEAE (Amaranth Family) Family (Hindi name): GARUNDI FAMILY (गरूण्डी फैमिली) Family (as per The APG System III): AMARANTHACEAE Species Name (as per The Plant List): Amaranthus viridis L.; Common name: Slender Amaranth, Wild Amaranth ; Vernacular name: Chelakeerae soppu, Chilkere soppu (Kannada); Kuppaikkerai (Tamil); Kuppacheera, Kuppakeera … In Tamil Nadu, it is called mulaikkira and is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, where the greens are steamed and mashed with light seasoning of salt, red chili pepper, and cumin. Despite relatively common exposure, there are no indications of human risk from the cardiotoxic or nephrotoxic Amaranthus syndromes. Amaranthus viridis L. (1763) Preferred Common Name. Cavery: For Tamilians, the river Cavery [24] Amaranth does not contain gluten. [45] In Nigeria, it is a common vegetable and goes with all Nigerian starch dishes. International Rice Research Newsletter, 8(2):17. Green Amaranth can contain up to 38% protein by dry weight. It has been proposed as an inexpensive native crop that could be cultivated by indigenous people in rural areas for several reasons: In the United States, the amaranth crop is mostly used for seed production. Glomeraria blitum (L.) Cav. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. [11] In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. [4], There are approximately 75 species in the genus, 10 of which are dioecious and native to North America with the remaining 65 monoecious species endemic to every continent from tropical lowlands to the Himalayas. The Aztec month of Panquetzaliztli (7 December to 26 December) was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. Common name : Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus viridis Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : Asia, South India Sanskrit : Tanduliya Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : kuppai keerai Type : Annual Flowering season : Jul to September Height : 3 feet tall Foliage : Evergreen, found in fields Flowers : Brown in colour A small amount of seed plants a large area (seeding rate 1 kg/ha). These compounds are reduced in content and antinutrient effect by cooking.[28][29]. Cereals names in english, hindi, marathi, tamil, telugu, kannada ( cereals list ): This exhaustive cereals list contains names of cereals in english, hindi, marathi, tamil, telugu, kannada languages. Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Herb Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. The common name for eucalyptus trees, especially in Australia, is "gum tree". Amaranthus powellii × Amaranthus retroflexus, Amaranthus retroflexus subsp. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.. "Biology of amaranths". Botanical name: Amaranthus campestris . In Botswana, it is referred to as morug and cooked as a staple green vegetable. Amaranthus graecizans var. [36] Evidence from single-nucleotide polymorphisms and chromosome structure supports A. hypochondriacus as the common ancestor of the three grain species.[37]. "The following color additives are not authorized for use in food products in the United States: (1) Amaranth (C.I. [52] This makes the proper identification of Amaranthus species at the seedling stage essential for agriculturalists.