Although it is native to South America or to be more precise, Brazil, the species has spread rapidly to other regions and is perceived as an invasive weed. At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Verbena bonariensis species is native to South America. This plant has no children Legal Status. Last updated October 2018    /    Privacy, Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org, Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level Trailing verbena (Glandularia canadensis) is hardy in zones 5-9. Plant Specs: Perennial: zones 7-10 (lows -17.7 °C or 0 °F) Fast growing annual in colder zones; Full sun for full height; Below average water needs; drought tolerant; Height: 3-4 feet ( up to 6 ft in optimal growing conditions) … For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. V. bonariensis may survive as an annual in colder climates as it readily self-seeds. Wetland Status. The term Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain is often used interchangeably for the purpletop verbena, but the true Brazilian verbena is actually a different species altogether. Verbena bonariensis has tall, narrow, sparsely-leafed stems on top of which flattened heads of bright lavender-purple flowers appear in late-summer. I've been trying to eradicate it for at least 4 years, but I still got a lot of volunteers last summer. It is native to South America. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. I wanted to give Verbena bonariensis a neutral or positive rating because I love the plant, the color, form etc, and especially that it's major draw to butterflies and bees in my yard, but as others have mentioned it is invasive. The state of Washington lists it as a noxious weed. It can grow to 6 ft (183 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. If you let it grow freely it can be too invasive for your garden. For more information, visit. Verbena bonariensis is the most invasive thing I have ever planted. Spikes of Purple Goodness. However, in some areas, particularly where growing conditions are hot and dry, it can become invasive. Verbena bonariensis has, however, naturalized throughout parts of North America and is on several watchlists due to concerns about its potential to become invasive in native ecosystems. – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. In the first days of spring the verbena bonariensis will start producing new shoots at ground level, this is a way for the plant to spread. Note this is not a … With its long, airy sprays of purple flowers, Verbena bonariensis is a great addition to the garden. The flowers are highly attractive to butterflies and other insects. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture It’s perfect for bringing height to an ornamental border and also works well in prairie-style planting schemes with ornamental grasses. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Verbenaceae – Verbena family Genus: Verbena L. – vervain Species: Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. If you don’t want your garden to be filled with verbenas, take advantage of this moment to cut all the seedlings. Verbena bonariensis Photo courtesy UC Davis Weeds of California. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 4, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, Weed Science Society of America Common Names List, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. They can be put at the front of the border without blocking the plants behind. It carries 2–3" clusters of pinkish purple blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems. There are some “considerations” with Verbena bonariensis. The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden … see more; Family Verbenaceae Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or … I’ve written about the unintended and potentially devastating effects of introducing exotic species to ecosystems . Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives. Plant in groups to … Tall verbena has been a popular addition to garden borders for its lavender, tubular flower clusters borne atop elevated flower stalks. reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial.In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled … Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a tooth… All of the little seedlings with the reddish purple center are VB, and they're all over every flower bed. Becoming *invasive* means Verbena has escaped from gardens and become naturalized — found on roadsides, growing in meadows … Perennial Verbena Varieties. However, it is very easy to grow and will flower the first year from seed, so can be treated as an annual in colder climates. • Verbena bonariensis is a popular perennial, but it can look shabby in spring unless it is pruned. According to Queensland Biosecurity site: "Purpletop (Verbena bonariensis) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and the ACT." Although attractive in the garden, this vigorously self-seeding perennial is rapidly spreading into fields and … In some places it is very invasive. According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. With the right growing conditions and a little protection over winter, Verbena bonariensis is a trouble-free garden plant. The 3-6 ft. (0.9-1.8 m) tall stems are slender, hirsute, rough and square. Foliage Leaves of V. bonariensis … Verbena bonariensis: problem solving. The dark green leaves are very narrow and very sparse, so the plants are remarkably light and airy. Common names: tall vervain Verbena bonariensis (tall vervain) is a herb/ (family Verbenaceae) with purple flowers and narrow toothed leaves found in the Central Valley and the central and south coast ranges of California. Verbena bonariensis, a dicot, is an annual or biennial herb that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. In its native areas it is found in dry fields and arable land as a weedy species (Verloove, 2006), but in areas in which it is invasive it thrives in riverine areas or roadsides, old … Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Verbena bonariensis L. – purpletop vervain Subordinate Taxa. Verbena bonariensisis a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster There is a high risk of this plant becoming invasive in California according to Cal-IPC. Synonyms Verbena bonariensis 'Buenos Aires' Verbena patagonica. Noteworthy Characteristics. Find where this species is invasive in the United States. This species offers a completely different look in Verbenas. Purpletop Vervain (Verbena bonariensis): This 4 to 5 foot tall species is sometimes called “verbena on a stick.” Clusters of tiny lavender flowers appear above the tall, thin square stems in late spring and continue to bloom throughout the summer into fall. Purpletop vervain (Verbena bonariensis) is hardy in zones 7-11. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. Verbena bonariensis: Brazilian verbena, Purpletop vervain, Purple top vervain. I am finding it sprouting in pavement cracks, potted plants etc. Verbena bonariensis, Tall vervain is a rapidly growing, erect, clump forming perennial herb. Foliage Leaves of V. bonariensis … It’s a superb butterfly plant, rivalling … Verbena brasiliensis is a facultative wetland species that can be found both in wetland/riparian areas as well as in drier, upland habitat (USDA, 2007). Because Verbena bonariensis is not a native plant in the United States, and it has become naturalized in certain states, this gives it the classification of being invasive in those states. It has escaped cultivation and become naturalized in disturbed areas across the southeastern United States and in California. Heat and drought tolerance and deer resistance sweeten its appeal. The 3-6 ft. (0.9-1.8 m) tall stems are slender, hirsute, rough and square. Upright stems branch widely off the central stem. It is … The stem is square with very long internodes. Rough verbena (Verbena rigida) – aka stiff verbena, tuberous vervain, sandpaper verbena – is hardy in zones 7-9. We used this source of information in conjunction with PIER (2009) to identify the invasive species in our dataset."). And since the plants set little seed, it won’t become invasive like most Verbenas of this type. Verbena bonariensis NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Washington State Monitor Species. It favors … It is a perennial, but only to zone 7. With the danger of hard frosts now mainly passed, cut back last year's stems to a low framework. For more information, visit Invasive.org, Last updated October 2018 / Privacy To learn more about Verbena bonariensis… INVASIVE: Tall or Purple Verbena Verbena bonariensis. Verbena bonariensis (Tall Verbena) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Meteor Shower ® Verbena bonariensis 'INVEBPUTOW' USPP 27,722 , Can 5,507 Verbena brasiliensis. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant.In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and … Locations within which Verbena bonariensis is naturalisedinclude Australia, eastern Africa and some oceanic islands with warm climates. Upright stems branch widely off the central stem. V. bonariensis may survive as an annual in colder climates as it readily self-seeds. Requirements to Grow. Verbena bonariensis, Tall vervain is a rapidly growing, erect, clump forming perennial herb. Popular varieties include: …